Rodney Douglas

Position:
Professor
Email:
Work phone:
+41 44/ 635 3051
Home page:
Location:
Current research interests include; experimental anatomy and physiology of visual cerebral cortex; theoretical analysis and
simulation of cortical circuits; design and fabrication of neuromorphic systems; use of analog Very Large Scale integration methods to construct electronic circuits that perform analogous signal processing and computational functions to biological neuronal networks; the development of neuromorphic robots that use analog VLSI chips for sensory, motor, and higher order processing; self-constructing simple behaving organisms; and self-constructing neural networks.

Main-Projects

Spin-Off Companies

Teaching

INI-701, 227-1043-00 Kolloquium in Neuroinformatik

Publications

2014

2013

2012

  • Bauer, R. and Zubler, F. and Hauri, A. and Muir, D.R. and Douglas, R.J. Developmental Origin of Patchy Axonal Connectivity in the Neocortex: A Computational Model, Cerebral Cortex 1-14, 2012
  • Cardona, Albert and Saalfeld, Stephan and Schindelin, Johannes and Arganda-Carreras, Ignacio and Preibisch, Stephan and Longair, Mark and Tomancak, Pavel and Hartenstein, Volker and Douglas, Rodney J. TrakEM2 Software for Neural Circuit Reconstructions, PLOS ONE, 7:(6) 1-8, 2012
  • Corneil, D. and Sonnleithner, D. and Neftci, E. and Chicca, E. and Cook, M. and Indiveri, G. and Douglas, R. Real-time inference in a VLSI spiking neural network, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS) 2425-2428, 2012
  • Corneil, D. and Sonnleithner, D. and Neftci, E. and Chicca, E. and Cook, M. and Indiveri, G. and Douglas, R. Function approximation with uncertainty propagation in a VLSI spiking neural network, International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN) 1-7, 2012
  • Douglas, Rodney J. and Martin, Kevan A.C. Behavioral architecture of the cortical sheet, Current Biology, Vol 22:(No 24) 1033-1038, 2012 pdf
  • Neftci, Emre and Binas, Jonathan and Chicca, Elisabetta and Indiveri, Giacomo and Douglas, Rodney Systematic Construction of Finite State Automata Using VLSI Spiking Neurons, Biomimetic and Biohybrid Systems 382-383, 2012
  • Rutishauser, U. and Slotine, J.J. and Douglas, R.J. Competition through selective inhibitory synchrony, Neural Computation 2033-2052, 2012

2011

  • Douglas, R.J. and Martin, K.A.C. What’s black and white about the grey matter?, Neuroinformatics, 9: 167-179, 2011 pdf
  • Muir, D.R. and Da Costa, N.M.A. and Girardin, C.C. and Naaman, S. and Omer, D.B. and Ruesch, E. and Grinvald, A. and Douglas, R.J. Embedding of Cortical Representations by the Superficial Patch System, Cerebral Cortex, 21:(10) 2244-2260, 2011
  • Muir, D R and Douglas, R J From neural arbors to daisies, Cerebral Cortex, 21:(5) 1118-1133, 2011
  • Neftci, E. and Chicca, E. and Indiveri, G. and Douglas, R. A Systematic Method for Configuring VLSI Networks of Spiking Neurons, Neural computation, 23:(10) 2457-2497, 2011
  • Rutishauser, U and Douglas, R J and Slotine, J J Collective stability of networks of winner-take-all circuits, Neural Computation, 23:(3) 735-773, 2011
  • Zubler, F and Hauri, A and Pfister, S and Whatley, AM and Cook, M and Douglas, R An instruction language for self-construction in the context of neural networks, Frontiers in Computer Neuroscience, 5:(57), 2011

2010

  • Neftci, Emre and Chicca, Elisabetta and Cook, Matthew and Douglas, Rodney State-Dependent Sensory Processing in Networks of VLSI Spiking Neurons, Iscas proceedings 2010 2789 - 2792, 2010 pdf
  • Binzegger, T and Douglas, R J and Martin, K A C An axonal perspective on cortical circuits, New Aspects of Axonal Structure and Function 117-139, 2010 pdf
  • Douglas, R J and Martin, K A C Canonical cortical circuits, Handbook of Brain Microcircuits 15-21, 2010 pdf

2009

  • Andreas, Steimer and Wolfgang, Maass and Douglas, Rodney Belief-Propagation in Networks of Spiking Neurons, Neural Computation, 2009 pdf
  • Conradt, J and Cook, M and Berner, R and Lichtsteiner, P and Douglas, RJ and Delbruck , T A Pencil Balancing Robot using a Pair of AER Dynamic Vision Sensors, International Conference on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS) 781-785, 2009 pdf
  • Indiveri, G. and Chicca, E. and Douglas, R. Artificial cognitive systems: From VLSI networks of spiking neurons to neuromorphic cognition, Cognitive Computation, 1:(2) 119-127, 2009 pdf
  • Oster , M. and Douglas, R. J. and Liu, S-C. Computation with Spikes in a Winner-Take-All Network, Neural Computation, 21:(9) 2436-2465, 2009 pdf
  • Pilaz, LJ and Patti, D and Marcy, G and Ollier, E and Pfister, S and Douglas, RJ and Betizeau, M and Cortay, V and Doerflinger, N and Kennedy, H and Dehay, C Forced G1-phase reduction alters mode of division, neuron number, and laminar phenotype in the cerebral cortex., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106:(51) 21924-9, 2009 pdf
  • Rutishauser, U. and Douglas, R.J. State dependent computation using coupled recurrent networks, Neural Computation, 21:(2), 2009 pdf
  • Serrano-Gotarredona, R. and Oster, M. and Lichtsteiner, P. and Linares-Barranco, A. and Paz-Vicente, R. and Gomez-Rodriguez, F. and Camuñas-Mesa, L. and Berner, R. and Rivas, M. and Delbruck , T. and Liu, S-C. and Douglas, R. J. and Hafliger, P. and Moreno, G. and Civit, A. and Serrano-Gotarredona, T. and Acosta-Jimenez, A. and Linares-Barranco, B. CAVIAR: a 45k neuron, 5M synapse, 12G connects/s AER hardware sensory-processing-learning-actuating system for high-speed visual object recognition and tracking, IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, 20:(9) 1417-1438, 2009
  • Zubler, F. and Douglas, R. A framework for modeling the growth and development of neurons and networks, Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 3:(25), 2009 pdf

2008

  • Conradt, J and Lichtsteiner, P and Berner, R and Delbruck, T and Douglas, RJ and Cook, M A Pencil Balancing Robot Using Only Spike-based Visual Input., Neural Information Processing Systems, 2008 pdf
  • Neftci, E. and Chicca, E. and Indiveri, G. and Slotine, J.-J. and Douglas, R. J. Contraction Properties of VLSI Cooperative Competitive Neural Networks of Spiking Neurons, Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 20 1073-1080, 2008 pdf
  • Oster, M. and Yingxue, W. and Douglas, R. and Liu, S-C. Quantification of A Spike-Based Winner-Take-All VLSI Network, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I, Regular Papers, 55:(10) 3160-3169, 2008 pdf
  • Douglas, R.J. and Kennedy, H. and Knoblauch, K. and Martin, K.A.C. Computation in 3-D: the circuits of neocortex, The Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, 2008 pdf
  • Douglas, R.J. and Kennedy, H. and Martin, K.A.C. Visual cortex – neurons and local circuits, The Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, 2008 pdf
  • Indiveri, G. and Liu, S.-C. and Delbruck, T. and Douglas, R. Neuromorphic systems, The New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience 521-528, 2008

2007

  • Binzegger, T and Douglas, RJ and Martin, KAC Stereotypical patch organization of single neurons in cat primary visual cortex, Journal of Neuroscience, 27: 12242-12254, 2007
  • Chicca, E. and Indiveri, G. and Douglas, R. J. Context dependent amplification of both rate and event-correlation in a VLSI network of spiking neurons, Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 19 257-264, 2007 pdf
  • Chicca, E. and Whatley, A. M. and Lichtsteiner, P. and Dante, V. and Delbruck, T. and Del Giudice, P. and Douglas, R. J. and Indiveri, G. A multi-chip pulse-based neuromorphic infrastructure and its application to a model of orientation selectivity, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I, Regular Papers, 54:(5) 981-993, 2007 pdf
  • Delbrück, T. and Whatley, A. M. and Douglas, R. and Eng, K. and Hepp, K. and Verschure, P. F. M. J. A tactile luminous floor for an interactive autonomous space , Robotics and Autonomous Systems, 55:(6) 433-443, 2007 pdf
  • Douglas, RJ and Martin, KAC Mapping the matrix: the ways of neocortex, Neuron, 56: 226-238, 2007 pdf
  • Douglas, RJ and Martin, KAC Recurrent neuronal circuits in the neocortex, Current Opinion in Biology, 17: R496-500, 2007 pdf
  • Douglas, RJ and Martin, KAC The butterfly and the loom, Brain Research Reviews, 55: 314-328, 2007 pdf
  • Oster, M. and Douglas, R. J. and Liu, S-C. Quantifying input and output statistics of a winner-take-all network in a vision system, 2007 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS 2007) 853-856, 2007 pdf
  • Roth, Fabian and Siegelmann, Hava and Douglas, Rodney J. The Self-Construction and -Repair of a Foraging Organism by Explictly Specified Development from a Single Cell, Artificial Life, 13:(4) 347-368, 2007 pdf
  • Tom Binzegger, Rodney J. Douglas, and Kevan A. C. Martin Stereotypical Bouton Clustering of Individual Neurons in Cat Primary Visual Cortex, The Journal of Neuroscience, 27:(45) 12242–12254, 2007 pdf
  • Indiveri, G. and Douglas, R. Neuromorphic Networks of Spiking Neurons, Handbook on "Nano- and Molecular Electronics'' 10-1 - 10-9, 2007

2006

  • Chicca, E. and Lichtsteiner, P. and Delbruck, T. and Indiveri, G. and Douglas, R. J. Modeling Orientation Selectivity Using a Neuromorphic Multi-Chip System, Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems 1235-1239, 2006 pdf
  • Eng, K. and Mintz, M. and Delbruck, T. and Douglas, R. J. and Whatley, A. M. and Manzolli, J. and Verschure, P. F. M. J. An Investigation of Collective Human Behavior in Large-scale, Mixed Reality Spaces, Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 15:(4) 403-418, 2006 pdf
  • Indiveri, G. and Chicca, E. and Douglas, R. A VLSI array of low-power spiking neurons and bistable synapses with spike–timing dependent plasticity, IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, 17:(1) 211-221, 2006 pdf
  • Wang, Y-X. and Douglas, R. and Liu, S-C. Attentional processing in a spike-based VLSI neural network, Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), 19:, 2006 pdf

2005

  • Eng, K and Douglas, R J and Verschure, P F M J An interactive space that learns to influence human behaviour, IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part A, 35:(1) 66-77, 2005 pdf
  • Muir, D. R. and Indiveri, G. and Douglas, R. Form specifies function: Robust spike-based computation in analog VLSI without precise synaptic weights, IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems 5150-5153, 2005 pdf
  • Oster, M. and Whatley, A. M. and Liu, S-C. and Douglas, R. J. A hardware/software framework for real-time spiking systems, Artificial Neural Networks: Biological Inspirations – ICANN 2005: 15th International Conference, Warsaw, Poland, September 11-15, 2005. Proceedings, Part I, 3696: 161-166, 2005 pdf
  • Rodney J. Douglas, Kevan A.C. Martin The Brain is wider than the Sky, Kult(5725) 79-93, 2005 pdf
  • Rutishauser, U. and Joller, J. and Douglas, R.J. Control and Learning of Ambience by an Intelligent building, IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, 35:(1) 121-132, 2005
  • Serrano-Gotarredona, R. and Oster, M. and Lichtsteiner, P. and Linares-Barranco, A. and Paz-Vincent, R. and Gómez-Rodríguez, F. and Kolle Riis, H. and Delbrück, T. and Liu, S. C. and Zahnd, S. and Whatley, A. M. and Douglas, R. and Häfliger, P. and Jimenez-Moreno, G. and Civit, A. and Serrano-Gotarredona, T. and Acosta-Jiménez, A. and Linares-Barranco, B. AER Building Blocks for Multi-Layer Multi-Chip Neuromorphic Vision Systems, Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), 18: 1217-1224, 2005 pdf

2004

  • Binzegger, T. and Douglas, R. and Martin, K. Axons in Cat Visual Cortex are Topologically Self-similar., Cerebral Cortex, 2004 pdf
  • Binzegger, T. and Douglas, R. and Martin, K. A quantitative map of the circuit of cat primary visual cortex., Journal of Neuroscience, 24:(39) 8441-53, 2004 pdf
  • Chicca, E. and Indiveri, G. and Douglas, R. J. An event based VLSI network of integrate-and-fire neurons, Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems V-357-V-360, 2004
  • Douglas, R. and Martin, K. Neuronal Circuits of the Neocortex, Annual Review of Neuroscience, 27: 419-51, 2004 pdf
  • Indiveri, G. and Chicca, E. and Douglas, R. A VLSI reconfigurable network of integrate-and-fire neurons with spike-based learning synapses, Proceedings of 12th European Symposium on Artificial Neural Networks (ESANN04) 405-410, 2004 pdf
  • Liu, S-C. and Douglas, R. Temporal coding in a silicon network of integrate-and-fire neurons, IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, 15:(5) 1305-1314, 2004
  • Liu, S-C. and Douglas, R. Spike synchronization in a network of silicon integrate-and-fire neurons, 2004 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS 2004), V: 397-400, 2004
  • Rutishauser, U and Trindler, J and Douglas, R Unsupervised learning and control provide ambient intelligence to smart buildings, The Neuromorphic Engineer, 1:(1) 3, 2004 pdf
  • Stocker, A and Douglas, R Analog Integrated 2D Optical Flow Sensor with Programmable Pixels, Int. Symposium on Circuits and Systems ISCAS, 2004

2003

  • Anderson, JC and Binzegger, T and Douglas, RJ and Martin, KAC Chance or design: Some specific considerations concerning synaptic boutons in cat visual cortex, Journal of Neurocytology, 31: 211-229, 2003 pdf
  • Chicca, E. and Indiveri, G. and Douglas, R. J. An adaptive silicon synapse, Proc. IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems,, 1: I-81-I-84, 2003 pdf
  • Delbruck, T. and Eng, K. and Baebler, A. and Bernardet, U. and Blanchard, M. and Briska, A. and Costa, M. and Douglas, R. and Hepp, K. and Klein, D. and Manzolli, J. and Mintz, M. and Roth, F. and Rutishauser, U. and Wassermann, K. and Wittmann, A. and Whatley, A. M. and Wyss, R. and Verschure, P. F. M. J. Ada: a playful interactive space, Human-Computer Interaction --- INTERACT'03 : IFIP TC13 International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, 1st-5th September 2003, Zürich, Switzerland. 989-992, 2003 pdf
  • Douglas, R and Edelman, G and Krichmar, J and Martin, K Neural Networks and Artificial Brains, Neuroscience - Science of the Brain: An introduction for young students, 2003
  • Eng, K. and Baebler, A. and Bernardet, U. and Blanchard, M. and Costa, M. and Delbruck, T. and Douglas, R. J. and Hepp, K. and Klein, D. and Manzolli, J. and Mintz, M. and Roth, F. and Rutishauser, U. and Wassermann, K. and Whatley, A. M. and Wittmann, A. and Wyss, R. and Verschure, P. F. M. J. Ada - Intelligent Space: An artificial creature for the Swiss Expo.02, Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA 2003), 3: 4154–4159, 2003
  • Eng, K. and Klein, D. and Baebler, A. and Bernardet, U. and Blanchard, M. and Costa, M. and Delbruck, T. and Douglas, R. J. and Hepp, K. and Manzolli, J. and Mintz, M. and Roth, F. and Rutishauser, U. and Wassermann, K. and Whatley, A. M. and Wittmann, A. and Wyss, R. and Verschure, P. F. M. J. Design for a brain revisited: The neuromorphic design and functionality of the interactive space Ada, Reviews in the Neurosciences, 14:(1-2) 145-180, 2003 pdf
  • Mudra, R. and Douglas, R.J. Self-correction mechanism for path integration in a modular navigation system on the basis of an egocentric spatial map, Neural Networks, 16:(9) 1373-1388, 2003 pdf
  • Trindler, Jonas and Zwiker, Raphael and Rutishauser, Ueli and Douglas, Rodney and Joller, Joseph Discovery of logical structures in a multisensor environment based on sparse events., Workshop on Ambient Intelligence, 8th National Congress of Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence, Pisa, Italy, September 2003, 2003 pdf
  • Verschure, P.F.M.J and Voegtlin, T and Douglas, R.J. Environmentally mediated synergy between perception and behaviour in mobile robots, Nature, 425: 620-624, 2003
  • Douglas, RJ and Markram, H and Martin, KAC Neocortex, The synaptic organization of the brain 499-558, 2003 pdf
  • Douglas, RJ and Martin, KAC Artificial Brains, Neuroscience: Science of the Brain, 2003

2002

  • Douglas, R. J. and Martin, K. A. C. Stimmt es, dass Emotionen eine physische Angelegenheit sind? , Die Zeitung der universitaet Zuerich - UNIJournal(4) 24, 2002 pdf
  • Eng, K. and Bäbler, A. and Bernardet, U. and Blanchard, M. and Briska, A. and Conradt, J. and Costa, M. and Delbrück, T. and Douglas, R. J. and Hepp, K. and Klein, D. and Manzolli, J. and Mintz, M. and Netter, T. and Roth, F. and Rutishauser, U. and Wassermann, K. and Whatley, A. M. and Wittmann, A. and Wyss, R. and Verschure, P. F. M. J. Ada: Constructing a Synthetic Organism, Proceedings of the 2002 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS 2002), EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland, 2: 1808-1813, 2002 pdf
  • Hahnloser, RH and Douglas, RJ and Hepp, K Attentional recruitment of inter-areal recurrent networks for selective gain control., Neural Computation, 14:(7) 1669-89, 2002 pdf
  • Liu, S-C. and Kramer, J. and Indiveri, G. and Delbruck, T. and Douglas, R. Orientation-selective aVLSI spiking neurons, Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 14:, 2002 pdf
  • Douglas, R. and Rasche, C. Silicon Neurons, The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks, 2002
  • Liu, S-C. and Kramer, J. and Indiveri, G. and Delbruck, T. and Douglas, R. Analog VLSI: Circuits and Principles, 2002

2001

  • Douglas, R. Forward- and Backpropagation in a Silicon Dendrite, IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, 12:(2) 386-393, 2001 pdf
  • Eng, K. and Baebler, A. and Bernardet, U. and Blanchard, M. and Briska, A. and Costa, M. and Delbruck, T. and Douglas, R. and Hepp, K. and Klein, D. and Manzolli, J. and Mintz, M. and Netter, T. and Roth, F. and Wassermann, K. and Whatley, A. and Wittmann, A. and Verschure, P. Ada - Buildings as Organisms, Game, Set and Match (Proceedings), Faculty of Architecture, TU Delft, 2001
  • Indiveri, G. and Horiuchi, T. and Niebur, E. and Douglas, R. A Competitive Network of Spiking VLSI Neurons, World Congress on Neuroinformatics 2001 443-455, 2001 pdf
  • Liu, S-C. and Kramer, J. and Indiveri, G. and Delbruck, T. and Burg, T. and Douglas, R. Orientation-selective aVLSI spiking neurons, Neural Networks, 14:(6/7) 629-643, 2001

2000

  • Blank, D. and Stoop, R. and Kern, A. and Douglas, R.J. Optimal Recurrent Amplification in Biophysically Plausible NeuronModels, Proceedings of ICSC Conference 463-469, 2000
  • Hahnloser, Richard and Sarpeshkar, R. and Mahowald, Misha and Douglas, Rodney J. and Seung, S. Digital selection and analog amplification co-exist in an electronic circuit inspired by neocortex, Nature, 405: 947-951, 2000 pdf
  • Indiveri, G. and Douglas, R. ROBOTIC VISION: Neuromorphic Vision Sensor, Science, 288: 1189-1190, 2000 pdf
  • Rasche, C. and Douglas, R. An Improved Silicon Neuron, Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, 23:(3) 227-236, 2000 pdf

1999

  • Bernasconi, C. and Schindler, K. and Stoop, R. and Douglas, R.J. Complex response to periodic inhibition in simple and detailed neuronal models, Neural Computation, 11:(1) 67-74, 1999 pdf
  • Deiss, S. R. and Douglas, R. J. and Whatley, A. M. A Pulse-Coded Communications Infrastructure for Neuromorphic Systems, Pulsed Neural Networks 157-178, 1999 pdf
  • Douglas, R. J. and Mahowald, M. A. and Whatley, A. M. Strutture di Comunicazione Nei Sistemi Analogici Neuromorfi [Communications Infrastructure for Neuromorphic Analog Systems], Frontiere della Vita, 3: 549-560, 1999
  • Hahnloser, R and Douglas, R and Mahowald, M and Hepp, K Feedback interactions between neuronal pointers and maps for attentional processing, Nature Neuroscience, 2: 746-752, 1999 pdf
  • Mudra, R. and Hahnloser, R. and Douglas, R.J. Neuromorphic Active Vision Used in Simple Navigation Behavior for a Robot, Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Microelectronics for Neural Networks, 1: 32-36, 1999 pdf
  • Rasche, C. and Douglas, R.J. Silicon Synaptic Conductances, Journal of Computational Neuroscience, 7: 33-39, 1999 pdf
  • Stocker, A. A. and Douglas, R. J. Computation of Smooth Optical Flow in a Feedback Connected Analog Network, Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems, 11:, 1999 pdf
  • Indiveri, G. and Rasche, C. and Douglas, R. Elaborazione Neuromorfa dei Segnali Sensoriali con Circuiti VLSI Analogici, Frontiere della Vita, 1999

1998

  • Ahmed, B. and Anderson, J. C. and Douglas, R. J. and Martin, K. A. C. and Whitteridge, D. Estimates of the net excitatory currents evoked by visual stimulation of identified neurons in cat visual cortex., Cerebral Cortex, 8(5): 462-76, 1998 pdf
  • Blank, D.A. and Douglas, R.J. Relationship between dendritic current transfer and current discharge relation optimizes input amplification by a population of recurrently connected neurons, Soc Neurosci Abstr, 24:, 1998
  • Douglas, R.J. and Martin, K.A.C. Neocortex, The synaptic organization of the brain 459-509, 1998 pdf
  • Rasche, C. and Douglas, R. and Mahowald, M. Characterization of a Pyramidal Silicon Neuron, Neuromorphic Systems: Engineering Silicon from Neurobiology 169-177, 1998 pdf

1997

  • Ahmed, B. and Allison, J.D. and Douglas, R.J. and Martin, K.A.C. An intracellular study of contrast-dependence of neuronal activity in cat visual cortex., Cerebral Cortex, 7: 559-570, 1997 pdf
  • Schindler, K.A. and Bernasconi, C.A. and Stoop, R. and Goodman, P.H. and Douglas, R.J. Chaotic Spike Patterns Evoked by Periodic Inhibition of Rat Cortical Neurons, Zeitschrift für Naturforschung, 52a: 509-512, 1997
  • Schindler, K.A. and Bernasconi, C.A. and Stoop, R. and Goodman, P.H. and Douglas, R.J. and Martin, K.A.C Irregular Spike Patterns Produced by Periodic Inhibition of Regularly Firing Rat Neocortical Neurons, Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 23: 397.5, 1997

1996

  • Ahmed, B. and Anderson, J. C. and Douglas, R. J. and Martin, K. A. C. and Nelson, J. C. The inhibitory innervation of spiny stellate cells of layer 4 of the cat visual cortex., Journal of Physiology, 495: 61P, 1996
  • Ahmed, B. and Anderson, J.C. and Douglas, R.J. and Martin, K. A. C. and Nelson, J. C. Estimates of the major excitatory innervation on apical dendrites of layer 5 pyramids within layer 4 of cat visual cortex., Journal of Physiology, 494: 15P, 1996
  • Allison, J.D. and Ahmed, B. and Anderson, J.C. and Douglas, R.J. and Martin, K.A.C. Contrast gain control in neurons of the cat primary visual cortex: input-output analysis, Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, 22: 1705, 1996
  • Douglas, R. and Mahowald, M. Design and fabrication of analog VLSI neurons, Methods in Neuronal Modelling: From Synapses to Networks, 1996
  • Douglas, R. and Martin, K.A.C. News & Views: The Information Superflyway, Neuropsychologia, 379: 584-585, 1996 pdf
  • Douglas, R.J. and Mahowald, M.A. and Martin, K.A.C. Neuroinformatics as explanatory neuroscience., Neuroimage, 4: 25-28, 1996 pdf
  • Douglas, R.J. and Mahowald, M.A. and Martin, K.A.C. Microarchitecture of Neocortical Columns., Brain theory - biological basis and computational principles. 75-95, 1996 pdf
  • Douglas, R.J. and Mahowald, M.A. and Martin, K.A.C. and Stratford, K.J. The role of synapses in cortical computation., Journal of Neurocytology, 25: 893-911, 1996 pdf

1995

  • Douglas, R. News & Views: The Bee's Needs, Neuropsychologia, 377: 683-684, 1995
  • Douglas, R. and Mahowald, M. A Constructor set for Silicon Neurons, An Introduction to Neural and Electronic Networks 277-296, 1995
  • Douglas, R. and Mahowald, M. Silicon Neurons, The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks 282-289, 1995
  • Douglas, R. and Mahowald, M. and Mead, C. Neuromorphic Analog VLSI, Annual Review of Neuroscience, 18: 255-281, 1995
  • Douglas, R. and Martin, K.A.C. Vibrations in the memory, Neuropsychologia, 373: 563-564, 1995 pdf
  • Douglas, R. J. and Koch, C. K. and Mahowald, M. and Martin, K. A. C. and Suarez, H. H. Recurrent Excitation in Neocortical Circuits, Science, 269: 981-985, 1995 pdf

1994

  • Douglas, R. J. and Mahowald, M. A. and Martin, K. A. C. Hybrid analog-digital architectures for neuromorphic systems, Neural Networks, 1994 IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, 3: 1848-1853, 1994 pdf

1992

  • Neil J. Berman, Rodney J. Douglas and Kevan A.C. Martin GABA-mediated inhibition in the neural networks of visual cortex, Progress in Brain Research, 90: 443-476, 1992 pdf

1989

  • Rodney J. Douglas, Kevan A.C. Martin, David Whitteridge A Canonical Microcircuit for Neocortex, Neural Computation, 1:(4) 480-488, 1989 pdf
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